FOREWORD

    PREFACE

    ABBREVIATIONS

    INTRODUCTION

    • Weights and measures in the Bible

    • Units of length, grain and weight mentioned in the Bible

    • Weights and measures in the Koran

    WEIGHTS AND MEASURES IN PRE-CLASSICAL ANATOLIA (Önder Bilgi)

    GREEK AND ROMAN PERIODS (Garo Kürkman)

    BYZANTINE PERIOD (Meryem Acara Eser)

    ISLAMIC PERIOD (Garo Kürkman)

    • Coin weights used by the Umayyads, Abbasids, Fatimids and Ayyubids

    • Umayyad and Abbasid glass weights used in trade with the Byzantines

    • Seljuk, Emirates and Ottoman Periods

    • Weights and measures

    • Dirhem weights

    • Difficulty of dating dirhem weights with Anatolian motifs

    • Dirhem weights with Anatolian motifs

      • Tugras-Ottoman assay marks-
        Weight makers and state assay marks
        Official inspectors of weights and measures
        Assay marks on weights
        List of municipal assay marks
        Municipal assay marks

    • Miskal

    • Nugi

    • Pocket scales used by money-changers

    • Units of length

      • Arşın
        Architect's arşın
        Market arşın
        Endaze

    • Units of volume

    ASSAYING OF WEIGHTS AND SCALES, ASSAY TAXES AND DOCUMENTS INSPECTION, FORGERY, PENALTIES

    LAWS AND REGULATIONS CONCERNING THE ADOPTION OF THE METRIC SYSTEM IN THE OTTOMAN PERIOD

    • Statute concerning new weights and measures

    • Regulations concerning implementation and inspection of new measures

      • Units of length
        Grain and Liquid Measures
        Units of Weight
        Scales

    • Regulations concerning new units of measurement

      • Table of new measures
        Table of old measures
        Table for the conversion of old to new measures
        Table for the conversion of new to old measures
        Using the tables

    • Description of old scales

    • Instructions concerning steelyard dues, the duties and responsibilities of inspectors

    • Amounts of steelyard dues chargeable

    • Memorandum concerning the obligatory use of new weights and scales

    • Memorandum concerning the temporary prohibition on use of new scales

    • Units of weight described by Evliya Çelebi

    • Units of length described by Evliya Çelebi

    • Ottoman sultans and their reigns

    CATALOGUE

    GLOSSARY OF LOCAL AND FOREIGN TERMINOLOGY RELATING TO WEIGHTS AND MEASURES USED IN THE TERRITORIES OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE IN PAST AND PRESENT (Compiled by Yücel Dağlı, Garo Kürkman)

    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    INDEX