CONTENT

    ABBREVIATIONS

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    PREFACE

    TUĞRA AND SILVERMARKS

      Tuğra
      Composition of the tuğra
      Other marks
      Tuğra on coins Tuğra on silver ware
      Positioning of silver marks
      Tuğra on weights
      Foreign marks on Ottoman silver
      Ottoman marks on foreign silver ware
      Why Ottoman silver ware so rarely survived
      Silver marks not encountered on any articles
      Imperial tuğra on silver ware
      Counterfeit tuğra marks
      Assaying and the SAH mark
      Silver standards and marks
      Gold standards and marks
      Silver ingot marks

    MAKERS’ MARKS

    ASSAY OFFICES

    SILVER WARE

    APPENDIX

    DOCUNENTS

      Ottoman sultans and their reigns
      List of silversmiths
      List of goldsmiths
      List of silversmiths in the register of the Bostancıbaşı
      List of silversmiths, goldsmiths, gilders, engravers, mıhlayıcı (craftsmen
      who did studded jewel work), gold thread makers, silver sheet makers, and
      sadekâr (makers of undecorated gold or silver ware) who paid tax to the
      Armenian Patriarchate in 1872

    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    INDEX